Hybrid, plug-in hybrid and electric vehicle (EV) sales in the Unites States have increased in recent months as sales of non-hybrid internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles fueled by gasoline or diesel decreased. In the fourth quarter of 2021, hybrid, plug-in hybrid and EVs collectively accounted for 11% of light-duty vehicle sales in the United States, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, based on data from Ward’s Intelligence.
Sales of several existing hybrid, plug-in hybrid and electric models increased in 2021, but a large portion of the sales increase came from new manufacturer offerings across different market segments. Manufacturers increased the number of non-hybrid ICE vehicle models by 49 in 2021, versus an increase of 126 for hybrid and EV models.
These additional hybrid or electric models were mostly either crossover vehicles, which combine attributes of passenger cars and sport utility vehicles, or vehicles such as vans and pickups, which previously didn’t have many hybrid or EV options.
Manufacturers of hybrid vehicles and plug-in vehicles have expanded into market segments such as crossovers, vans and pickups following consumer preference for larger vehicles. Within each electric or hybrid powertrain type, crossover vehicles now account for most sales.